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[研报] 嫦娥月壤的“地外光合作用”

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69伙伴 发表于 2022-5-7 21:43:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
https://www.x-mol.com/paper/1522418556402507776


月壤捣鼓出了个啥?“地外光合作用”可实现,人类建设月球基地可期
Extraterrestrial photosynthesis by Chang’E-5 lunar soil
Joule ( IF 41.248 ) Pub Date : 2022-05-05 , DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2022.04.011
Yingfang Yao, Lu Wang, Xi Zhu, Wenguang Tu, Yong Zhou, Rulin Liu, Junchuan Sun, Bo Tao, Cheng Wang, Xiwen Yu, Linfeng Gao, Yuan Cao, Bing Wang, Zhaosheng Li, Wei Yao, Yujie Xiong, Mengfei Yang, Weihua Wang, Zhigang Zou


In light of significant efforts being taken toward manned deep space exploration, it is of high technological importance and scientific interest to develop the lunar life support system for long-term exploration. Lunar in situ resource utilization offers a great opportunity to provide the material basis of life support for lunar habitation and traveling. Based on the analysis of the structure and composition, Chang’E-5 lunar soil sample has the potential for lunar solar energy conversion, i.e., extraterrestrial photosynthetic catalysts. By evaluating the performance of the Chang’E-5 lunar sample as photovoltaic-driven electrocatalyst, photocatalyst, and photothermal catalyst, full water splitting and CO2 conversion are able to be achieved by solar energy, water, and lunar soil, with a range of target product for lunar life, including O2, H2, CH4, and CH3OH. Thus, we propose a potentially available extraterrestrial photosynthesis pathway on the moon, which will help us to achieve a “zero-energy consumption” extraterrestrial life support system.

嫦娥五号月壤的地外光合作用

鉴于载人深空探测的重大努力,开发用于长期探测的月球生命支持系统具有很高的技术重要性和科学价值。月球就地资源利用为月球居住和旅行提供了生命支持的物质基础。通过对结构和成分的分析,嫦娥五号月球土壤样品具有月球太阳能转化的潜力,即地外光合催化剂。通过评估嫦娥五号月球样品作为光伏驱动电催化剂、光催化剂和光热催化剂、全水分解和 CO 2的性能太阳能、水和月球土壤可以实现转化,包括一系列月球生命的目标产物,包括O 2、H 2、CH 4和CH 3 OH。因此,我们提出了一种在月球上潜在可用的地外光合作用途径,这将有助于我们实现“零能耗”的地外生命支持系统。
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